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エクアドル野鳥リスト

エクアドルは、野鳥の密度の濃さや容易なアクセスから、世界の野鳥愛好家を魅了し続けてきました。 現在までに世界の鳥類の18%を占める1640種類以上の鳥類が登録されています。

TINAMOUS (Tinamidae) - 1

Tawny-breasted Tinamou (Nothocercus julius)

FRIGATEBIRDS (Fregatidae) - 1

Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens)

CORMORANTS & SHAGS (Phalacrocoracidae) - 1

Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)

DUCKS, GEESE, SWANS (Anatidae) - 1

Torrent Duck (Merganetta armata)

HERONS, BITTERNS, EGRETS (Ardeidae) - 1

Fasciated Tiger-Heron (Tigrisoma fasciatum)

AMERICAN VULTURES (Cathartidae) - 2

Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

KITES, EAGLES, HAWKS (Accipitridae) - 16

Hook-billed Kite (Chondrohierax uncinatus)
Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus)
Double-toothed Kite (Harpagus bidentatus)
Plain-breasted Hawk (Accipiter ventralis)
Semicollared Hawk (Accipiter collaris)
Bicolored Hawk (Accipiter bicolor)
Barred Hawk (Leucopternis princeps)
Gray Hawk (Buteo nitidus)
Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris)
White-rumped Hawk (Buteo leucorrhous)
Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)
Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus)
White-throated Hawk (Buteo albigula)
Variable Hawk (Buteo polyosoma)
Crested Eagle (Morphnus guianensis)
Black-and-chestnut Eagle (Oroaetus isidori)

FALCONS & CARACARAS (Falconidae) - 5

Barred Forest-Falcon (Micrastur ruficollis)
Collared Forest-Falcon (Micrastur semitorquatus)
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)
Bat Falcon (Falco rufigularis)
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

CURASSOWS, GUANS (Cracidae) - 3

Andean Guan (Penelope montagnii)
Wattled Guan (Aburria aburri)
Sickle-winged Guan (Chamaepetes goudotii)

NEW WORLD QUAILS (Odontophoridae) - 1

Dark-backed Wood-Quail (Odontophorus melanonotus)

RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS (Rallidae) -2

White-throated Crake (Laterallus albigularis)
Sora (Porzana carolina)

SANDPIPERS AND ALLIES (Scolopacidae) - 2

Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia)
Baird's Sandpiper (Calidris bairdii)

GULLS & TERNS (Laridae) - 1

Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla)

PIGEONS & DOVES (Colimbidae) - 4

Band-tailed Pigeon (Columba fasciata)
Plumbeous Pigeon (Columba plumbea)
White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)
White-throated Quail-Dove (Geotrygon frenata)

PARROTS & MACAWS (Psittacidae) - 5

Barred Parakeet (Bolborhynchus lineola)
Blue-fronted Parrotlet (Touit dilectissima)
Red-billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus)
White-capped Parrot (Pionus seniloides)
Scaly-naped Amazon (Amazona mercenaria)

CUCKOOS & ANIS (Cuculidae) - 3

Squirrel Cuckoo (Piaya cayana)
Little Cuckoo (Piaya minuta)
Smooth-billed Ani (Crotophaga ani)

TYPICAL OWLS (Strigidae) - 6

Rufescent Screech-Owl (Otus ingens)
Andean Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium jardinii)
Cloud-forest Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium nubicola)
Spectacled Owl (Pulsatrix perspicillata)
Mottled Owl (Strix virgata)
Rufous-banded Owl (Strix albitarsis)

OILBIRD (Steatornithidae) - 1

Oilbird (Steatornis caripensis)

POTOOS (Nyctibiidae) - 1

Common Potoo (Nyctibius griseus)

NIGHTJARS & NIGHTHAWKS (Caprimulgidae) - 5

Rufous-bellied Nighthawk (Lurocalis rufiventris)
Pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis)
Band-winged Nightjar (Caprimulgus longirostris)
Swallow-tailed Nightjar (Uropsalis segmentata)
Lyre-tailed Nightjar (Uropsalis lyra)

SWIFTS (Apodidae) - 4

White-collared Swift (Streptoprocne zonaris)
Chestnut-collared Swift (Streptoprocne rutilus)
Spot-fronted Swift (Cypseloides cherriei) DD
White-tipped Swift (Aeronautes montivagus)

HUMMINGBIRDS (Trochilidae) - 35

Tawny-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis syrmatophorus)
Green-fronted Lancebill (Doryfera ludovicae)
White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora)
Brown Violet-ear (Colibri delphinae)
Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus)
Sparkling Violet-ear (Colibri coruscans)
Green Thorntail (Popelairia conversii)
Western Emerald (Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus)
Green-crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania fannyi)
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl)
Andean Emerald (Amazilia franciae)
Speckled Hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys)
Purple-bibbed Whitetip (Urosticte benjamini)
Empress Brilliant (Heliodoxa imperatrix)
Green-crowned Brilliant (Heliodoxa jacula)
Fawn-breasted Brilliant (Heliodoxa rubinoides)
White-tailed Hillstar (Urochroa bougueri)
Mountain Velvetbreast (Lafresnaya lafresnayi)
Brown Inca (Coeligena wilsoni)
Collared Inca (Coeligena torquata)
Buff-tailed Coronet (Boissonneaua flavescens)
Velvet-purple Coronet (Boissonneaua jardini)
Gorgeted Sunangel (Heliangelus strophianus)
Hoary Puffleg (Haplophaedia lugens) NT
Booted Racket-tail (Ocreatus underwoodii)
Green-tailed Trainbearer (Lesbia nuna)
Purple-backed Thornbill (Ramphomicron microrhynchum)
Tyrian Metaltail (Metallura tyrianthina)
Violet-tailed Sylph (Aglaiocercus coelestis)
Wedge-billed Hummingbird (Schistes geoffroyi)
Purple-crowned Fairy (Heliothryx barroti)
Purple-throated Woodstar (Calliphlox mitchellii)
Purple-collared Woodstar (Myrtis fanny)
White-bellied Woodstar (Chaetocerus mulsant)
Little Woodstar (Chaetocercus bombus)

TROGONS & QUETZALS (Trogonidae) - 3

Crested Quetzal (Pharomachrus antisianus)
Golden-headed Quetzal (Pharomachrus auriceps)
Masked Trogon (Trogon personatus)

KINGFISHERS (Alcedinidae) - 2

Ringed Kingfisher (Megaceryle torquata)
Green Kingfischer (Todiramphus sanctus)

MOTMOTS (Momotidae) - 2

Broad-billed Motmot (Electron platyrhynchum)
Rufous Motmot (Baryphthengus martii)

PUFFBIRDS (Bucconidae) - 1

White-faced Nunbird (Hapaloptila castanea)

NEW WORLD BARBETS (Capitonidae) - 2

Red-headed Barbet (Eubucco bourcierii)
Toucan Barbet (Semnornis ramphastinus)

TOUCANS (Ramphastidae) - 3

Crimson-rumped Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus haematopygus)
Pale-mandibled Aracari (Pteroglossus erythropygius)
Plate-billed Mountain-Toucan (Andigena laminirostris)

WOODPECKERS & PICULETS (Picidae) - 5

Crimson-mantled Woodpecker (Piculus rivolii)
Golden-olive Woodpecker (Piculus rubiginosus)
Smoky-brown Woodpecker (Veniliornis fumigatus)
Yellow-vented Woodpecker (Veniliornis dignus)
Powerful Woodpecker (Campephilus pollens)

OVENBIRDS (Furnariidae) - 17

Pacific Hornero (Furnarius cinnamomeus)
Azara's Spinetail (Synallaxis azarae)
Slaty Spinetail (Synallaxis brachyura)
Rufous Spinetail (Synallaxis unirufa)
Red-faced Spinetail (Cranioleuca erythrops)
Streaked Tuftedcheek (Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii)
Pearled Treerunner (Margarornis squamiger)
Spotted Barbtail (Premnoplex brunnescens)
Rusty-winged Barbtail (Premnornis guttuligera)
Lineated Foliage-gleaner (Syndactyla subalaris)
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner (Anabacerthia variegaticeps)
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner (Philydor rufus)
Flammulated Treehunter (Thripadectes flammulatus)
Striped Treehunter (Thripadectes holostictus)
Streak-capped Treehunter (Thripadectes virgaticeps)
Uniform Treehunter (Thripadectes ignobilis)
Tawny-throated Leaftosser (Sclerurus mexicanus)

WOODCREEPERS (Dendrocolaptidae) - 5

Tyrannine Woodcreeper (Dendrocincla tyrannina)
Strong-billed Woodcreeper (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus)
Spotted Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus erythropygius)
Montane Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger)
Brown-billed Scythebill (Campylorhamphus pusillus)

TYPICAL ANTBIRDS (Thamnophilidae) - 5

Uniform Antshrike (Thamnophilus unicolor)
Plain Antvireo (Dysithamnus mentalis)
Slaty Antwren (Myrmotherula schisticolor)
Long-tailed Antbird (Drymophila caudata)
Immaculate Antbird (Myrmeciza immaculata)

ANTTHRUSHES & ANTPITTAS (Formicariidae) - 7

Rufous-breasted Antthrush (Formicarius rufipectus)
Giant Antpitta (Grallaria gigantea)
Scaled Antpitta (Grallaria guatimalensis)
Moustached Antpitta (Grallaria alleni) EN
Chestnut-crowned Antpitta (Grallaria ruficapilla)
Yellow-breasted Antpitta (Grallaria flavotincta)
Ochre-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula flavirostris)

TAPACULOS (Rhinocryptidae) - 3

Narino Tapaculo (Scytalopus vicinior)
Spillmann's Tapaculo (Scytalopus spillmanni)
Ocellated Tapaculo (Acropternis orthonyx)

TYRANT FLYCATCHERS (Tyrannidae) - 39

Black-capped Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias nigrocapillus)
Ashy-headed Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias cinereiceps)
Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias uropygialis)
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet (Camptostoma obsoletum)
White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps)
Sierran Elaenia (Elaenia pallatangae)
White-tailed Tyrannulet (Mecocerculus poecilocercus)
Rufous-winged Tyrannulet (Mecocerculus calopterus)
Torrent Tyrannulet (Serpophaga cinerea)
Streak-necked Flycatcher (Mionectes striaticollis)
Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant (Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus)
Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant (Pseudotriccus pelzelni)
Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant (Pseudotriccus ruficeps)
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant (Lophotriccus pileatus)
Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher (Poecilotriccus ruficeps)
Common Tody-Flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum)
Ornate Flycatcher (Myiotriccus ornatus)
Tawny-breasted Flycatcher (Myiobius villosus)
Flavescent Flycatcher (Myiophobus flavicans)
Bran-colored Flycatcher (Myiophobus fasciatus)
Handsome Flycatcher (Myiophobus pulcher)
Cinnamon Flycatcher (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea)
Western Wood-Pewee (Contopus sordidulus)
Smoke-colored Pewee (Contopus fumigatus)
Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi)
Black Phoebe (Sayornis nigricans)
Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris)
Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant (Silvicultrix diadema)
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant (Myiotheretes striaticollis)
Smoky Bush-Tyrant (Myiotheretes fumigatus)
Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
Rusty-margined Flycatcher (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
Golden-crowned Flycatcher (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus)
Barred Becard (Pachyramphus versicolor)
White-winged Becard (Pachyramphus polychopterus)
Black-and-white Becard (Pachyramphus albogriseus)
One-colored Becard (Pachyramphus homochrous)
Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata)

COTINGAS (Cotingidae) - 6

Red-crested Cotinga (Ampelion rubrocristata)
Green-and-black Fruiteater (Pipreola riefferii)
Orange-breasted Fruiteater (Pipreola jucunda)
Scaled Fruiteater (Ampelioides tschudii)
Olivaceous Piha (Lathria cryptolophus)
Andean Cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola peruviana)

MANAKINS (Pipridae) - 1

Golden-winged Manakin (Masius chrysopterus)

CROWS, JAYS & MAGPIES (Corvidae) - 2

Turquoise Jay (Cyanolyca turcosa)
Beautiful Jay (Cyanolyca pulchra)

VIREOS & ALLIES (Vireonidae) - 2

Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
Brown-capped Vireo (Vireo leucophrys)

THRUSHES (Turdidae) - 9

Andean Solitaire (Myadestes ralloides)
Black Solitaire (Entomodestes coracinus)
Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush (Catharus fuscater)
Spotted Nightingale-Thrush (Catharus dryas)
Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)
Pale-eyed Thrush (Platycichla leucops)
Great Thrush (Turdus fuscater)
Glossy-black Thrush (Turdus serranus)
Ecuadorian Thrush (Turdus maculirostris)

MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS (Mimidae) - 1

Tropical Mockingbird (Mimus gilvus)

DIPPERS (Cinclidae) - 1

White-capped Dipper (Cinclus leucocephalus)

SWALLOWS & MARTINS (Hirundinidae) - 3

Blue-and-white Swallow (Notiochelidon cyanoleuca)
Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

WRENS (Troglodytidae) - 6

Sepia-brown Wren (Cinnycerthia olivascens)
Plain-tailed Wren (Thryothorus euophrys)
Whiskered Wren (Thryothorus mystacalis)
House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
Mountain Wren (Troglodytes solstitialis)
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (Henicorhina leucophrys)

GNATCATCHERS & GNATWRENS (Polioptilidae) - 1

Tropical Gnatcatcher (Polioptila plumbea)

NEW WORLD WARBLERS (Parulidae) - 11

Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora peregrina)
Tropical Parula (Parula pitiayumi)
Blackburnian Warbler (Dendroica fusca)
Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)
Olive-crowned Yellowthroat (Geothlypis semiflava)
Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis)
Slate-throated Whitestart (Myioborus miniatus)
Spectacled Whitestart (Myioborus melanocephalus)
Black-crested Warbler (Basileuterus nigrocristatus)
Three-striped Warbler (Basileuterus tristriatus)
Russet-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus coronatus)

TANAGERS & ALLIES (Thraupidae) - 40

Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola)
Green Honeycreeper (Chlorophanes spiza)
Capped Conebill (Conirostrum albifrons)
Masked Flowerpiercer (Diglossopis cyanea)
White-sided Flowerpiercer (Diglossa albilatera)
Rusty Flowerpiercer (Diglossa sittoides)
Rufous-chested Tanager (Thlypopsis ornata)
Fawn-breasted Tanager (Pipraeidea melanonota)
Yellow-collared Chlorophonia (Chlorophonia flavirostris)
Chestnut-breasted Chlorophonia (Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys)
Thick-billed Euphonia (Euphonia laniirostris)
Golden-rumped Euphonia (Euphonia cyanocephala)
Orange-bellied Euphonia (Euphonia xanthogaster)
Orange-crowned Euphonia (Euphonia saturata)
Golden Tanager (Tangara arthus)
Silver-throated Tanager (Tangara icterocephala)
Flame-faced Tanager (Tangara parzudakii)
Golden-naped Tanager (Tangara ruficervix)
Metallic-green Tanager (Tangara labradorides)
Beryl-spangled Tanager (Tangara nigroviridis)
Blue-and-black Tanager (Tangara vassorii)
Black-capped Tanager (Tangara heinei)
Scrub Tanager (Tangara vitriolina)
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus igniventris)
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus somptuosus)
Black-chinned Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus notabilis)
Hooded Mountain-Tanager (Buthraupis montana)
Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager (Dubusia taeniata)
Grass-green Tanager (Chlorornis riefferii)
Blue-gray Tanager (Thraupis episcopus)
Palm Tanager (Thraupis palmarum)
Blue-capped Tanager (Thraupis cyanocephala)
Lemon-rumped Tanager (Ramphocelus icteronotus)
Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra)
White-winged Tanager (Piranga leucoptera)
White-lined Tanager (Tachyphonus rufus)
Dusky Bush-Tanager (Chlorospingus semifuscus)
Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager (Chlorospingus flavigularis)
Western Hemispingus (Hemispingus ochraceus)
Plushcap (Catamblyrhynchus diadema)

SALTATORS & GROSBEAKS (Cardinalidae) - 4

Buff-throated Saltator (Saltator maximus)
Black-winged Saltator (Saltator atripennis)
Southern Yellow-Grosbeak (Pheucticus chrysogaster)
Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

EMBERIZINE FINCHES (Emberizidae) - 14

Blue-black Grassquit (Volatinia jacarina)
Yellow-faced Grassquit (Tiaris olivacea)
Dull-colored Grassquit (Tiaris obscura)
Variable Seedeater (Sporophila corvina)
Black-and-white Seedeater (Sporophila luctuosa)
Yellow-bellied Seedeater (Sporophila nigricollis)
Blue Seedeater (Amaurospiza concolor)
Slaty Finch (Haplospiza rustica)
Rufous-naped Brush-Finch (Atlapetes latinuchus)
Tricolored Brush-Finch (Atlapetes tricolor)
White-winged Brush-Finch (Atlapetes leucopterus)
Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch (Buarremon brunneinucha)
Tanager Finch (Oreothraupis arremonops)
Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis)

ORIOLES & BLACKBIRDS (Icteridae) - 3

Russet-backed Oropendola (Psarocolius angustifrons)
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis)
Giant Cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus)

CARDUELINE FINCHES (Fringillidae) - 3

Hooded Siskin (Carduelis magellanica)
Yellow-bellied Siskin (Carduelis xanthogastra)
Lesser Goldfinch (Carduelis psaltria)

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